➤ Somaliland-Puntland: Intense outbreaks of fighting since 22 October between clans in the self-declared Republic of Somaliland and the autonomous Somali region of Puntland have killed at least 100 people. Should further clashes erupt between Somaliland and Puntland forces, Crisis Group expert Rashid Abdi says, both regions will be vulnerable to greater political instability.